Acne is a skin disease that is characterized by the appearance of pimples on various parts of the body such as the neck, face, back, chest as well as shoulders. The disease, which is very common, is a result of clogged up hair follicles caused by oil and dead skin cells. For most people who suffer from acne, it is an embarrassing problem that does not easily go away even after treatment has been administered.
Sometimes the pimples might disappear only to reappear again after a certain time period if the treatment used is not effective. The symptoms of acne are varied. The common appearances are (tender) red bumps, pustules, cysts and congested pores which are commonly referred to as black or white heads.
Hopefully the below article will teach you more about acne and the process of getting rid of it.
Causes of Acne
Due to its persistent nature, the causes of acne are not always very clear. The scientific cause of acne is attributed to the increase in the level of the androgen hormone in the body, especially at the adolescent age. As the level of androgen rises, the oil glands in the skin also grow and enlarge to the point where the cellular walls of the skin pores are broken resulting in the growth of bacteria which are manifested as pimples.
Other causes of acne include genetics as it has been discovered that individuals that have acne are most likely to have, or have had, a relative that suffered from the same skin disease. Most times when genetics is stated as the cause of acne it is when the condition is very serious and is referred to as cystic acne.
Acne may also be triggered by the consumption of an unhealthy diet, especially one that is full of foods that have a lot of carbohydrates. Continuous consumption of such a diet can also worsen a condition of mild acne because these foods increase the level of blood sugar in the body. This can upset the hormones.
Lastly, acne can also be caused by the irritation of hair follicles on the skin which is attributed to the loosening of skin cells. Skin cells which are dead should be shed from the skin when the area is being cleaned. If they aren’t this can result in the formation of pimples where the skin gets irritated.
How to Treat Acne
Fortunately, acne can be treated thereby giving individuals suffering from it hope that their skin can be normal once again. The treatment of acne depends on its severity and also its cause. The end results should be the complete elimination of acne as soon as the treatment process is complete.
Mild acne can be treated using creams and other medications that can be bought over-the-counter. These medicines which are usually topical do not need a prescription to be purchased. This makes it very easy for those looking for solutions to their acne to have access to them. The ingredients that are found in these topical medicines are those that can break down the congested pores as well as kill bacteria that are responsible for the formation of the pimples. Some of the popular over-the–counter acne treatments can be purchased in form of gels, lotions, soaps, creams among others which vary in strengths. Nevertheless, severe acne is treated in a much different way and is usually under the supervision of a dermatologist who is able to prescribe treatments that will result in the clearing of the pimples or cysts from the skin.
How to Take Care of Acne Prone Skin
Even after an episode of acne has been treated successfully the likelihood of it reoccurring is possible in some people. It is for this reason that learning how to take care of such skin is important so as to reduce the flaring up of acne again. Some of the tips that need to be adopted by those whose skin is vulnerable to acne include:
- Regular washing of the face, at least twice a day.
- Avoiding bursting pimples.
- Avoiding constantly touching the face with unclean hands.
- Staying out of direct sunlight reduces the production of sebum in the skin.